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Wheelchair Ramp Material List: What are Ramps Made Of?

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How do you select the right material for a ramp? To help you make the right decision, we compiled a handy wheelchair ramp material list. The list has all that you need to know about your options when it comes to materials for ramps. We’ll also be offering advice on what type of material might be best suited for your needs.

What is the Best Material for a Ramp?

This is a common question when it comes to designing or buying a ramp for a wheelchair. And the answer is that it depends. The type of ramp material to choose largely depends on how and where the ramp will be used. It also depends on the amount of load it will need to support.

Some ramp materials are better suited for outdoor use while others are more suitable for indoor settings. Additionally, some materials are more cost effective than others while some may require less maintenance over time. All of these factors should be considered when deciding which material is best for your ramping needs.

For example, one ramp surface material may less resistant to rain, snow, and other weather conditions. In this case, it would be best for shielded places. Alternatively, another ramp material texture may provide better traction when wet or in areas with high foot traffic. This type of material would be more suitable for use outside.

Wood wheelchair ramp
Wood wheelchair ramp

Wheelchair Ramp Material List

Wheelchair ramps may be made from lightweight materials, especially if required to be mobile enough. The ramp material could also be a heavy-duty type that can stand up to weight and traffic: The options are varied. To provide you with an overview of what’s available, here is a wheelchair ramp material list that you’ll find useful.

Aluminum Wheelchair Ramp

Aluminum is one of the most used materials for wheelchair ramp construction. Many reasons account for that: It’s strong, light in weight, and even corrosion-resistant. This makes it ideal for outdoor situations.

An aluminum ramp, with its lightweight nature, is also ideal in where the ramp must be moved around often. Most often, an aluminum wheelchair ramp is a modular device that you can install within no time. This not only makes installation easier, but also its disassembly.

Aluminum ramps are available in many different designs. These include modular ramps for larger distances or even roll-up designs. An aluminum roll-up ramp presents a portable option that you can carry around, while a modular ramp offers easy installation and other benefits.

Wood Wheelchair Ramp

Also on the wheelchair ramp material list is wood. This material is highly durable and can last for several years. It also provides good strength and is aesthetically pleasing. While typically more expensive than other materials, therefore, the wood ramp may be the best choice if you don’t want to replace it often.

A wooden ramp should be treated with a water-resistant sealer and kept free of dirt, mud, leaves, or other debris to keep it functioning optimally. That’s because it tends to present a slip hazard in wet conditions.

Depending on the type of wood surface, it’s important to sand down any bumps that might cause the wheelchair wheels to catch. Also, make sure the ramp is securely fastened and firmly in place, especially in public places.

Concrete Wheelchair Ramp

For an extremely strong and durable ramp material, concrete is a good choice. It also suits situations where you need exact design features such as ramp dimensions and surface requirements. That’s means you can easily customize it to fit the exact size of the user’s wheelchair.

But concrete wheelchair ramps are permanent structures that cannot be moved about. Therefore, when making them, care should be taken to ensure everything is set up properly. The ground should also be level, with proper drainage installed to prevent water from pooling on the ramp surface.

Steel Wheelchair Ramp

Another option on the wheelchair ramp material list is steel. This is a strong and durable material that can withstand extreme weather conditions. Steel ramps require little maintenance when compared to wood, something which makes them ideal for outdoor use.

However, despite the strength of steel, these ramps can also quite heavy and require professional installation. And, like aluminum ramps, they can become very slippery in wet or cold conditions. Painting or covering these ramp materials would help minimize that, though, and make them usable in wet conditions..

That being said, lightweight modular or mesh, foldable steel ramps are available. These are often be portable raps that you can take anywhere with you. A stainless steel ramp is not only attractive to the eyes, but also resistant to damage.

Rubber Wheelchair Ramp

The last item in this wheelchair ramp material list is rubber. This type of ram is mostly used for small steps. A rubber ramp for wheelchair accessibility provides a high level of traction. These ramps are also relatively lightweight and easy to install yourself.

Besides its excellent anti-slip properties, rubber is also very cost-effective and low maintenance. Plus, it makes no noise when used, unlike metallic or wood ramp materials. This quality makes it ideal for indoor use.

However, rubber ramps are not as strong and long-lasting as metal or concrete options. You will also often use these ramps only when the rise is minimal, such as that of a single step or threshold. Nevertheless, these products ensure a cost-effective option when the need for a ramp is only minimal.


A ramp material can be anything from lightweight aluminum to heavy-duty concrete. Based on your needs and budget, the wheelchair ramp material list in this post can help you choose the most suitable options for your project. Remember, your choice will depend on you application requirements. Therefore, always be sure to weigh up the pros and cons of each material before making a decision.

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